Travel and Tourism History

2000 years before Christ, India and Mesopotamia

The path of trade has been an important feature since the beginning of civilization. The harbor of Lothal was an important commercial center of the Indus valley civilization and Sumerian civilization. [600] 600 BC and thereafter

The earliest form of leisure tourism can be traced back to the Babylonian and Egyptian empires. The Museum of Historic Memories was public in Babylon. The Egyptians held many religious festivals that attracted the godless people and many people who wandered into cities to see famous art and architecture works. In India, as elsewhere, the kings traveled to build the empire. The Brahmins and the common people traveled for religious purposes. Thousands of brahmins and the common passionate Sarnath and Sravasti, whom the enlightened man, the elusive smile of the Buddha, greeted. BC 500, Greek Civilization

Greek tourists traveled to the healing gods' sites. The Greeks also enjoyed religious holidays, which became increasingly the cause of joy and, in particular, of sport. Athens was an important venue for major attractions such as the Parthenon visitors. Big cities and seaports have been built to meet the needs of travelers. Courtesans were the most fun.


This era also saw the birth of travel writings. Herodotus was the world's first travel writer. The guide books appeared in the fourth century, such as Athens, Sparta and Troy. In these ages, people are also known by advertising signs to people in camps.

The Roman Empire

There are no foreign borders between England and Syria and the safe seas from piracy due to Roman patrols arrived. Apart from the first-class roads, the railway stations (the precursors of modern motels), they helped to increase travel. The Romans traveled to Sicily, Greece, Rhodes, Troy and Egypt. Traveling from 300 to holy land has also become very popular. The Romans presented their guide (itinerary), which symbolized the identification of the quality.

The second homes were built by the rich Roman, especially in the spring social season. The most fashionable resorts were found around the Gulf of Naples. Naples attracted retirees and intellectuals, Cumae attracted fashionable, while Baiae attracted downstream market tourists, there is an ever-observed sequence, drunkenness and the whole evening song.

Travel and Tourism Never Achieve Similar Status While Modern Times

Travel was difficult and dangerous when people were on a business trip or a sense of duty and duty.

The adventurers were looking for fame and luck through travel. Europeans attempted to explore the sea route to India for commercial purposes and thus discovered America and Africa. Players and parasites came to life when they traveled. Missionaries, Saints, etc. They traveled to spread the sacred word.

Leisure travel in India was introduced by the Mughals.

The Great Tour

Since the beginning of the seventeenth century, the renaissance has been the capital of the Renaissance, and has been built by the Mughal kings, the result of a new form of tourism, under the reign of Elizabeth 1, young men seeking judicial positions were encouraged to travel to the continent to complete their studies. Men in search of joy, traveled to enjoy the life and culture of Paris, Venice and Florence. In the 18th century, the custom was institutionalized in the gentry and gradually the recreational journey left the educational journey, the appearance of the Napoleonic wars for 30 years and the recession of the great tour

Growth in Spas

Spas in Britain and later on the European continent have become increasingly popular on the European continent, mineral water is growing. Cure quickly acquired a status symbol in the spa. The resorts have changed in character, enjoyment has become a motivation for visits. Social life has become an important center of high society

In the 19th century, they gradually replaced them as a seaside resort.

Sun, sand and sea resorts

Seawater is linked to healthcare. The earliest visitors drank and did not bathe in it. The XVIII. At the beginning of the century, small fishing boats were opened in England for visitors who drank and drank in seawater. The overwhelmingness of land-based baths has increased the popularity of new seaside resorts. The introduction of the steamship service introduced in the 19th century several resorts in the area. The seaside resort gradually became a social gathering place

The role of industrial revolution in promoting Western travel

Rapid urbanization caused industrialization to result in mass immigration in cities. These people were tempted to leave their environment to the place of natural beauty, often to the countryside where they became a routine, from a physically and psychologically stressful job to rural comfort.

The nineteenth-century culminations of the century

· The advent of the railroad initially catalyzed a business trip and later a leisure trip.

· Package Tours organized by entrepreneurs for Thomas Cook

· European countries have begun to go shopping for raw materials for their colonies and sell finished products

· The invention of photography acted as a status enhancement tool and promoted overseas travel

· The emergence of first hotel chains; (19659008) · Coastal resorts began to develop different pictures like day-hikers, elite, gambling

· Other destination types – ski slopes, mountain stations, mountaineering spots etc. .

· The technological development of steamships facilitated travel between North America and Europe

· The Suez Canal opened direct sea routes to India and the Far East

· The culture of the guidebook was followed by photography.

World War I gave first-hand experience to the countries and caused curiosity for internationally less-well-placed international travels among the first. time. Migration to the US has a great deal of travel over the Atlantic Ocean. The private car industry has begun to encourage domestic travel in Europe and the West. The seaside resort has become an annual family vacation destination in Great Britain and is popular in other Western countries.

After the Creation of Air Travel and

Wars became more and more interested in international journeys. This interest was the mass tourism of the aviation industry. Aircraft surpluses and the growth of private airlines helped aviation expand. The airplane became more comfortable, faster and more costly for overseas travel. With the introduction of the Boeing 707 jet aircraft in 1958, the era of mass air travel has arrived. The beginning of charter flights increased the package travel market and created organized mass tourism. The Boeing 747, a 400-seat craft, has sharply reduced travel costs. Mediterranean seaside resorts, North Africa and the Caribbean region were the source of mass tourism.

The right growth in the hotel industry has led to chains worldwide. Tourism began to diversify when people began to turn into alternative targets in the '70s. In Nepal and India, the Hare Krishna movement and the transcendental meditation attracted tourists. The beginning of individual travel was not significant in the 1980's. Air travel has also led to steady growth in business travel, especially with the emergence of the MNC.

Source by sbobet

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